HARRISBURG, Pa. — Gov. Tom Wolf proposed on Wednesday a sweeping new plan to dramatically boost funding for public schools, to be supported by an increase in Pennsylvania’s personal income tax rate that also expands exemptions for lower-wage earners, administration officials said.
Lawmakers are being asked to raise income taxes on higher earners.
Cutting Taxes for Pennsylvania Working Class Families and Making the Tax System More Fair and Equitable
Pennsylvania’s tax system is one of the most unfair and regressive in the country, and it hurts working people. Working class and low-income families pay exactly the same rate as the most well-off in our commonwealth. The COVID-19 pandemic has only exposed the inherent unfairness and inequity in our system with the most vulnerable Pennsylvanians bearing the brunt of the pandemic while many of the wealthiest became even more prosperous. It’s time to put working class and low-income families first and make our system more fair for those who need help most. Under the governor’s proposal, not only will the commonwealth invest billions of dollars in education through the fair funding formula, Pennsylvania working class families will also receive a historic tax cut.
Under the governor’s proposal, the special tax forgiveness credit will be expanded, and working class families will have their taxes reduced or eliminated completely. Overall, 67 percent of Pennsylvanians will either get a tax cut or see their taxes stay the same. The proposal increases the allowances for tax forgiveness to $15,000 for single filers, $30,000 for married filers, and $10,000 allowance for each dependent. Filers with incomes at or below these thresholds will receive 100 percent tax forgiveness. The percentage of tax forgiveness declines by 1 percentage point for each $500 above the threshold for 100 percent forgiveness. For example, this means that families with two children making less than $84,000 will receive a tax cut while a family of four making $50,000 will have their taxes eliminated.
The governor’s plan will help working class and low-income Pennsylvanians build financial security and reach for a brighter future.
“Right now, Pennsylvania has one of the lowest personal income tax rates in the nation. For folks who have been lucky enough to build some real financial security, that’s a good deal. But if you’re just starting out, it’s a different story. For one thing, when you go to file your taxes every year, you have to pay the same exact rate as I do,” said Gov. Wolf. “We’re going to stop asking working families to pay the same tax rate my family does. I want to help working families get ahead by reducing their taxes. If you’re married with two kids, and you earn less than 84,000 dollars a year, I suggest we give you a tax cut.”
Reaffirm Our Commitment to Build the Strongest Education System in the Country
The greatest barrier for many families is access to education. Since the beginning of his administration, Governor Wolf has prioritized strengthening Pennsylvania’s educational opportunities because education can positively influence nearly every other part of society. From creating a strong workforce to reducing crime, Governor Wolf’s investments in education at all ages have helped propel Pennsylvania to a more prosperous future.
Early in Governor Wolf’s administration, elected officials worked together to implement a fair funding formula to make sure education funding was distributed equitably across the commonwealth, but this applied only to new funding. Currently only 11 percent of state funds flow through the fair funding formula as it only applies to new dollars appropriated.
The governor is proposing 100 percent of state dollars flow through the fair funding formula, a historic investment in education while also cutting taxes for working Pennsylvanians.
During the past five years, Governor Wolf has secured an additional $1.4 billion in funding for pre-k through college, including nearly $800 million for basic education, $140 million for special education, and $40 million for career and technical education. While this has helped repair the damage done by education cuts under previous administrations, it is not nearly enough.
The governor’s plan builds on his successful education and workforce development programs, further extending high-quality education to more Pennsylvanians.
Put all Basic Education Funding through the Fair Funding Formula
Over the past six years, the governor worked with the General Assembly to reverse historic cuts to education and invest more than $1.5 billion in new resources for Pennsylvania’s public education system.
The governor’s plan more than doubles that investment in education funding to build on this progress and ensure every Pennsylvania student is college, career, and community ready.
The governor is proposing a more than $1.3 billion investment in basic education funding. This investment directs all existing state-level basic education funding through the Fair Funding Formula and includes an $1.15 billion adjustment so that no school district is negatively affected. An additional $200 million investment in basic education funding is proposed to allow all districts to continue to invest in student achievement. This investment enables all school districts to have the basic resources they need to provide a high-quality education for Pennsylvania students.
The fair funding formula directs state money to school districts based on many factors including student enrollment and needs, and the ability of their community to fund local schools.
The fair funding formula only applies to increased funding since 2016. Putting all state funding through the formula will ensure students in every community have the funding to succeed.
Stabilizing Child Care and Ensuring Equal Access for Families
In Pennsylvania’s subsidized child care program, Child Care Works, reimbursements have not been meeting the rising cost to operate child care as a business. Additionally, the strain of the pandemic has put added pressure on these critical providers.
In order to support child care access and affordability for low-income working families, the administration is increasing payment rates for subsidized child care to keep pace with rates for private-pay families and ensure equal access to child care for all Pennsylvanians as of March 2021.
The governor’s plan includes $87.17 million in additional federal funds to support these increased Child Care Works base rates and create a more stable business environment for child care facilities while improving equal access to child care services.
Increase Special Education, Head Start and PreK Funding
In addition to the increase in Basic Education Funding, there is a $200 million increase in the Special Education Funding Formula. The increase in special education funding ensures school districts have the basic resources they need to provide high-quality special education services to students with disabilities and special needs.
Children who learn in high-quality pre-k programs perform better in school, are more likely to graduate, and earn more throughout their lives compared to peers without access to early learning programs. The governor is proposing $25 million for Pre-K Counts and $5 million for the Head Start Supplemental Program. This new funding will allow approximately 3,270 additional children to enroll in the state’s high-quality early learning programs.
During Governor Wolf’s term, the commonwealth has doubled its investment in early child education, but more children need this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to enter kindergarten ready to grow and thrive.
Introduce Accountability into the EITC and OSTC
The Education Improvement Tax Credit (EITC) and Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit (OSTC) are popular programs. The governor’s plan lowers the maximum administrative set-aside for scholarship organizations participating in these programs from 20 percent to 5, which will increase the amount of money available for scholarships by up to $36 million without increasing costs for taxpayers. Scholarship organizations will be required to report more information on the students and families who receive scholarships and their educational outcomes, so that scholarships can be directed to students with the greatest need and all students choosing to take advantage of these programs receive a high-quality education.
Nellie Bly College Tuition Program
The governor is proposing a $199 million plan to develop the Nellie Bly Tuition Program by repurposing existing dollars that are right now flowing into the Horse Racing Development Fund. The program will provide financial assistance to full-time students enrolled in the PASSHE system, with priority given to students pursuing careers in education. In exchange, students agree to stay in Pennsylvania after graduation for the same number of years for which they receive financial assistance through the program.
There is a student loan debt crisis across our country. It’s a burden on young people and their families that can last for years and holds them back.
Many students, even those receiving needs-based financial aid or other financial assistance still have gaps between the total cost of a college education and what financial aid will cover. This needs-based tuition will fill that gap to help students cover the real costs of college, including room and board, books, supplies, and graduation expenses.
The Nellie Bly Scholarship Program will help thousands of young people graduate with less debt and start to build lives in our communities rather than struggling to pay student loan bills every month.
The Nellie Bly Tuition Program converts to a loan if the student moves out of the commonwealth during the commitment period and can be deferred while the student pursues further education.
Attract and Retain the Best Teachers for Our Children
Providing competitive wages is essential to attracting and retaining qualified teachers and ensuring our children receive a high-quality education.
Pennsylvania arbitrarily sets minimum compensation for Pennsylvania teachers and other education professionals, including counselors and school nurses, at a 1980s-level of $18,500 per year, or $8.90 per hour. This salary is outdated and is not based on the real work education professionals perform in today’s classrooms. It assumes a 40-hour workweek, even though most educators spend many hours out of the classroom preparing lesson plans and reviewing student assignments. The current statutory minimum salary fails teachers, students, and families.
The governor is proposing to increase the minimum salary to $45,000 per year. This will better align with the current cost of living and will ensure that Pennsylvania schools are offering competitive salaries so they can attract the most qualified and talented teachers to educate our children.
Comprehensive Charter School Law Reform
Pennsylvania’s Charter School Law, passed in 1997, established public charter schools with greater flexibility to support innovation in partnership with the public education system. Since then, some charters have strayed from this original purpose and engaged in questionable operational practices and poor academic performance. Additionally, charters are a major uncontrolled cost-driver for local school districts, resulting in higher property taxes across the state.
The governor’s plan proposes comprehensive Charter School Law reform that will save school districts across the commonwealth an estimated $229 million per year. These resources can be reinvested into students and educators. This package of policy and budget initiatives promotes innovation and choice in the charter sector while ensuring charter schools are providing a high-quality education, accountable for their academic performance and financial management, and meeting the same standards Pennsylvanians expect from traditional public schools.
- Applying the Special Education Formula to All Charter Schools: Currently, school districts receive funding for special education students through a four-tiered Special Education Funding formula, with funding increasing as the student’s need for special education services increases. Special education tuition payments to charters, however, are calculated based on the outdated assumption that all school districts have a special education population of 16 percent, regardless of the level of services a student’s Individualized Education Plan outlines. The governor’s plan applies the four-tiered Special Education Funding formula to all charters to better align Special Education Funding with actual costs of providing services to special education students. This was a recommendation from the bipartisan Special Education Funding Commission and will save school districts an estimated $99 million annually.
- Establishing a Statewide Cyber Charter Tuition Rate: Currently, cyber charter schools in Pennsylvania charge school districts between $9,170 and $22,300 per student per year. For comparison, the typical tuition rates an Intermediate Unit charges to provide a comparable online education is around $5,400 per student per year. The governor’s plan establishes a statewide cyber tuition rate of $9,500 per student per year and will better align tuition with the actual costs of providing an online education. This reform will save school districts an estimated $130 million annually.
- Improving the Redirection Process: Currently, if a school district does not pay the tuition for the students in its district who attend a charter school or there is a dispute between a school district and a charter on tuition payments, the charter school may petition the Department of Education to reconcile the dispute through the redirection process. This plan provides clarification on the redirection process, including the basis for reported expenditures and the deductions included in the tuition rate calculation, to increase fairness, accountability, and transparency.
Get Pennsylvania Back on Track After the Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally changed Pennsylvania and exacerbated existing barriers for too many.
The pandemic has uniquely interrupted the everyday lives of workers and small business owners throughout the commonwealth. Governor Wolf understands that businesses and workers need each other to thrive, and both are key to economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, so he has remained steadfast and is doubling down on his commitment to make Pennsylvania the best place to live, work, and do business.
Pennsylvania’s economic vitality is dependent on swift and targeted action to get Pennsylvanians back to work quickly in well-paying jobs in sectors that will lead our economy back to prosperity.
Inject Billions into a Reformed Workforce Development System
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused major disruptions and layoffs to Pennsylvania’s workforce, disproportionately impacting low-wage workers, people of color, people with disabilities, and certain industries. Our economic recovery requires a strategic investment in workforce development that addresses these inequities, supports workers most significantly impacted by the pandemic, and focuses on high-quality, well-paying jobs and careers.
Building on the bipartisan Keystone Economic Development and Workforce Command Center, the governor is proposing a multi-billion-dollar injection into the workforce development system to provide rapid re-employment assistance to workers impacted by the pandemic and address barriers to employment.
This plan, Back to Work PA, will be funded through a commonsense severance tax on natural gas extraction that would bring in an estimated $300 million a year, or $3 billion over 10 years, to give Pennsylvanians their fair share of the energy boom that is powered by resources that belong to all of us.
Pennsylvania is the only gas-producing state in the nation without a severance tax. Other major gas producing states like Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Alaska are collecting billions from the oil and gas industries to help fix roads, build schools, and keep taxes low.
Invest in Public Infrastructure, Including School Buildings
Last year, the governor proposed a plan to remediate lead, asbestos and other hazardous materials from our schools using the Redevelopment Assistance Capital Program (RACP). The pandemic has shown that the digital divide in our schools is also a significant concern. The governor proposes an expansion of RACP-eligible projects by $1 billion in the Capital Budget Itemization Act to include grant availability for lead and asbestos remediation projects, with the inclusion of schools as eligible grantees.
Increase the Minimum Wage to $12/hour, with a path to $15/hour
As of 2021, 29 states and the District of Columbia have increased their minimum wages above the federal minimum wage of $7.25/hour. Pennsylvania’s minimum wage of $7.25 ($15,080 per year), has not increased in more than 10 years and is keeping Pennsylvania families living in poverty. While the cost of living for Pennsylvanians is increasing, the minimum wage has remained stagnant, limiting the purchasing power of low-wage workers trying to afford necessities.
The governor is proposing to increase the state minimum wage to $12 per hour effective July 1, 2021, with annual increases of $0.50 until the minimum wage reaches $15 per hour on July 1, 2027.
The COVID-19 pandemic has made raising the state’s embarrassingly low minimum wage more crucial than ever as thousands of essential workers are struggling to buy food and avoid homelessness.
A living wage lets people work their way out of poverty, improves productivity and morale for millions of workers, and reduces reliance on public benefits. Raising the wage floor also provides critical workforce needs, including early childhood educators and direct care workers caring for the most vulnerable Pennsylvanians.
Build on Bipartisan Progress
Over the past five years, Governor Wolf and the General Assembly have come together to take on big challenges by reforming pensions, taking nation-leading steps to reform our criminal justice system such as the passage of the nation’s first Clean Slate law, approving medical marijuana, and other major legislation that has modernized our commonwealth. Governor Wolf calls for building on this bipartisan progress by removing barriers for everyday Pennsylvanians to succeed.
Reform the Criminal Justice System
Building on efforts to reform our criminal justice system, the governor is proposing bail reform, indigent defense funding, a comprehensive expansion to our Clean Slate Law, probation reform and other policies that will build on bipartisan efforts to reform our criminal justice system.
Reduce the Corporate Net Income Tax and Close the Delaware Loophole
Governor Wolf is once again proposing to reduce the Corporate Net Income Tax from 9.99 to 9.49 percent on January 1, 2022, then continue to reduce the tax incrementally to 6.49 percent by 2026. The governor is also proposing to close the Delaware Loophole and shift to combined reporting to tax corporations as a single entity.
Legalize Adult-Use Cannabis
In 2017, Pennsylvania legalized medical marijuana through bipartisan legislation. Now as our neighbors move toward legalizing recreational marijuana, Pennsylvania cannot afford to be left behind. Legalizing adult-use cannabis has strong bipartisan support among Pennsylvanians. The revenue generated from legalization will be used to support historically disadvantaged small businesses through grant funding and provide them the assistance they need to build back from the economic crisis and strengthen our economy. Additionally, a portion of the revenue will support restorative justice programs to help the individuals and communities that have been adversely harmed by the criminalization of marijuana.
Change Harrisburg by Demanding Accountability
Governor Wolf has proposed comprehensive government reform each year of his administration. He has implemented a gift ban and demanded transparency and accountability in his administration. The governor is again introducing a comprehensive plan to reform Harrisburg and meet the challenges before us.
“Heeding Sen. Corman’s call to make government reform a priority, I am implementing a wide-ranging ethics plan that would make our state government more accountable and more responsible to the people we serve,” Gov. Wolf said. “There’s no reason why we can’t work together, Democrats and Republicans, to pass these initiatives.”
Reintroduce the Governor’s Government Reform Plan
On his first day in office, the governor banned members of his administration from accepting gifts. All public officials should be held to the same standard. Pennsylvania is one of 10 states with no specific law limiting gifts to public officials. Outside the executive branch, politicians in Harrisburg can take unlimited gifts from special interests. Legislative action is needed to make the gift ban expanded and permanent, so all state elected officials are accountable to it.
The governor is calling for enacting new campaign finance laws that would place limits on contributions to candidates seeking elected office, implement aggregate limits for races, place sensible restrictions on Political Action Committees (PACs), and strengthen reporting and disclosure requirements across the board to restore confidence in government, and curtail the role of campaign spending in our political process.
Curb Special Interest Influence
The governor is calling for implementing broader “pay-to-play” provisions requiring the disclosure of campaign contributions made by parties seeking state contracts.
The governor is calling for requiring public officials to submit receipts for taxpayer-funded expenses. In Governor Wolf’s administration and most of the private sector, employees pay for expenses, provide receipts and then are reimbursed. Currently, receipts are not required for all officials to be reimbursed with taxpayer dollars. The system should be reformed to cover all those serving in government, only allowing them to be reimbursed for the reasonable cost of travel, lodging, or food with an itemized receipt.
The governor’s plan would ban lobbyists from campaign work. In Pennsylvania, lobbying firms are allowed to operate campaign arms that work to elect or reelect legislators and once in office, those same firms then lobby legislators directly on behalf of their clients, creating a culture of undue access for big firms with deep pockets. This practice undermines public confidence and promotes a culture of political access that can only be bought with money, putting special interests ahead of the voters of Pennsylvania. The legislature should also more clearly define the relationships between legislators, lobbyists and political consultants.
Build on Election Reform
Governor Wolf is calling on the legislature to allow pre-canvassing of ballots before Election Day to increase the speed and efficiency of counting ballots and reduce the window for misinformation that is inherent when ballot counting cannot begin until Election Day and there is a high demand for swift and accurate results. Following a successful election in 2020 where more Pennsylvanians voted by mail than ever before, allowing for pre-canvassing of ballots would further efforts to increase transparency and confidence in our election process.
The governor’s plan calls for same day voter registration. Currently, eligible voters have until 15 days prior to an election to register to vote, regardless of whether they register online, through the mail, or in person. With new opportunities to vote with no-excuse mail ballots, and early voting at county election offices, same-day registration would allow new voters to go to their precinct, register, and vote all in one visit. To verify their identification, eligible voters would need to provide a proof of residency and a form of identification. Funding would be allocated to assist counties in purchasing electronic poll books (EPBs), and to allow the commonwealth to build a closed network.
The governor is calling for strengthening voter intimidation restrictions. Voter intimidation can take many forms. For all voters to feel safe from intimidation when casting their ballot, legislation should be passed to prohibit firearms from being allowed in all polling locations.
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