WASHINGTON — The Electoral College has been around since the birth of the nation.
It’s a group of 538 people who elect the president.
The electors are chosen by the political parties in each state — the only rule is that they can’t currently hold office.
Each state has a different number of electors, based on their representatives in Congress.
So states like California and Texas have more votes than states like North Dakota and South Dakota.
The only exception is the District of Columbia, which has three electors despite not having any voting members in Congress.
A candidate can win the popular vote but still lose the election.
The candidate who wins at least 270 Electoral College votes on Election Day wins the presidency.
If there’s a tie, the House of Representatives appoints the president and the Senate chooses the vice president.
Even though it’s controlled by the Democrats right now, the Constitution allows the House vote to include just one vote per state, and it would be based on state delegations. This means Republicans would currently have the advantage in such a vote.
Cox Media Group